The period immediately after the second world war brought very big changes in the Netherlands. In order to understand this, one has to realize a impoverished country had to be rebuilt. But, after all, it was important that the Dutch soon also realized that they had become a small kingdom. After the battle on the Javasea, it actually had no fleet of significance anymore. After the independance of the East Indies (Indonesia) the country had become also very small in surface.
The kingdom also no longer the largest Muslim country (in population) in the world!
Furthermore, the impoverished land was also hit by a devastating water disaster. All of this was confirmed by films they saw in the 1945s – 1955s in their cineacs. (Many Dutch emigrated during this period).
In their Cineac’s the Dutch saw the “Polygon journals”. Here follows 5 summaries of those weekly journals. They show how the Netherlands recovered, step by step, from their deep poverty, and became a prosperous country again:
1940 – 1945 Netherlands in WWII 1h13 min. b/w Polygon journals, Dutch.
1945 – 1950 Netherlands 1 1h30 min. b/w Polygon journals, Dutch.
1950 – 1955 Netherlands 2 1h27 min. b/w Polygon journals, Dutch.
1955 – 1960 Netherlands 3 1h29 min. b/w Polygon journals, Dutch.
1960 – 1965 Netherlands 4 1h30 min. b/w Polygon journals, Dutch.
The following films, which were shown in the first years after liberation, give an idea of what the Dutch saw after liberation. (The film about the B-company was a contribution of the Americans wich saw Dutch servicemen, after the war, to give them motivation after they were called “into arms” 🙂 ).
1940 Battle on the Grebbenberg, 1h01 min. Dutch Docu channel, Dutch.
1942 Battle on the Javasea, 6:48 min. N.I. Oorlogsdocumentatie, English.
1945 Liberation of the Netherlands, 18:02 min. Canadian army, Dutch.
1945 Liberation of Amsterdam, 9:50 min. Divers, Music.
1950 Ondergang v/d B-compagnie, 28:38 min. American army, Dutch.
* With films such as Kruimentje and Ciske de Rat, the Dutch film revived (besides the American films, which are mentioned separately – as imports). Some of these films came back as musicals. See Kruimeltje (2013) and Ciske de Rat (2014).
(Note: these stories started their life as boys books).
* Very special was the year 1956 with the Hungarian uprising and the first war between Israel and Arabs (the Suez crisis). The Hungarian refugees are fully intergrated in the Dutch population.
1952 Houen zo, 20:29 min. b/w Herman v/d Horst, Dutch.
1953 Watersnood, 19:49 min. b/w Polygoon journaal, Dutch.
1953 Watersnood, 18:39 min. b/w Radio Union & ANP, Dutch.
1954 Kruimeltje, 1h51 min. b/w Shooting star film, Dutch.
1955 / 1985 Ciske de rat (remake), 2h39 min. colour, Guido Pieters, Dutch.
* With the start of the famous ’60s, the Netherlands became more prosperous. Poverty disappeared and money was spent on pleasures as a cinema visit. These were mainly Anglo-American films, but also the Dutch film revived. Due to commercial rights, only a limited list of links to them can be given. Joris Evans got the company of Bert Haanstra and later, from Frans Rademakers. Their films are not included in this chapter but in the own paragraphs. Read: Cinema).
* It was the movie Faja Lobie that made the dutch realize there was still a part of the Dutch kingdom outside Europe. Thus, interest in that world outside Europe grew again.
* The Overval is the only film to which the (former) resistance has helped.
1960 Faja Lobie (hot love), 1h07 min. kleur, Herman v/d Horst, Surinaams,
1962 de Overval, 1h39 min. b/w Carrillion Films, Dutch,
1962 de Cuba crisis, 5:14 min. b/w Diversen, Dutch,
1962 Open that Village, 3:26 min. b/w Diversen, Dutch,
1968 Spring in Prague, 2:56 min. b/w ??? Music,
???? Soso Lobie (nothing but love), 1h34 min. colour, Isaura Sanwirjatmo, Surinaams
* With the introduction of the Mammoet law (education reform, English became a very present language) Dutch films came with English subtitles such as Turkish fruit show it. (Useful for export!). The Anglo-Saxon influence grew strongly (and was highly critically reviewed, so there came also the major Vietnam- and Flower power demonstrations).
* The increasing prosperity brought traffic problems, the car demanded space, in the old inner cities. So there had to be modernized at the expense of old buildings and city parks. The number of road casualties grew explosively and the bicycle got a hard time. As a result, the Flowerpower generation also got “Hollanditis”!
* After Suriname became independent on November 25, 1975, it chose to retain Dutch as its national language. The movie Wan Pipel shows that. Thus, Suriname (in addition to Flanders and the Netherlands) became also a member of the Dutch language union. The ideal to reunite all forms of the Dutch language has come a step closer. Only South Africa and Namibia are still missing (for political reasons).
* The next period is somewhat confusing: the European Union is getting more influence on the Member States. Relations with the eastern European countries deteriorate as the EU becomes stronger. Even with the United States, relations became more difficult.
* On October 29, 1983, more than half a million Dutchmen traveled to The Hague and protested a day in the city center at government buildings against the American desire to place missiles (with nuclear bombs) in the Netherlands.
* Then, on November 9, 1989, the incredible thing happens: the Wall in Berlin falls!
1983 De lift, 1h34 min. colour, Dick Maas, Dutch.
1983 Anti-nuke demonstrations, 15 min. colour, National TV, Dutch.
1989 De val van de Berlijnse muur, 7:01 min. colour, National TV, Dutch.
1989 De Fall of the Berlin wall, 10:00 min. colour, American TV, English.
* In the years 1991 – 1992, the Soviet Union splits into 15 sovereign states. So the cold war ended and the EU made many overtime hours. Tilt point was the attempted coup (by the Russian army) in Moscow in August 1991. Most of the Dutch were again hooked on their radio’s and televisions.
* On May 10, 1997, by finishing the Maeslandkering, the delta plan, started after the big floodings of 1953, was completed. Holland was safe to the sea until 2100 (worst case), most Dutchmen thought.
1960 Sink the Bismarck, 1h37 min. b/w, Edmund H. North, English.
1961 The guns of Naverone, 2h10 min. colour, Engilsh.
1961 El Cid,
1961 Westside story, 2h25 min. kleur, 20th century, Engels.
1962 The longest day,
1962 How the west was won, 2h17 min. colour, Alfred Newman, English.
1970 Ryan’s daughter, 1h43 min. colour, David Lean, Engels.
1977 A Bridge too far,
1986 A Space Odyssey (remake), 3h03 min.
2006 The Da Vinci Code, 2h22 min. kleur, Ron Howard, Engels.
???? The war in Vietnam, (analyse)